Cardiac Health and Risk Assessment
Heart disease, also known as cardiovascular disease, is the leading cause of death among both men and women in the United States. Despite its high death rate, heart disease usually occurs when certain risk factors, controllable by the patient, are present. While a family history of heart disease and increasing age cannot be controlled, there are several lifestyle changes patients can make to help reduce their risk of heart disease and improve their health as well. Patients most likely to develop heart disease have the following risk factors: high blood pressure, a close relative with heart disease, high LDL cholesterol level, high triglycerides, diabetes, smoking, kidney disease, overweight and having no regular exercise program.