Pre-Operative Cardiac Assessment
It is important for patients to undergo medical evaluation prior to cardiovascular surgery in order to assess and address potential risk factors. Such assessments are becoming more common for several reasons: the population is aging; older patients are becoming more likely to undergo cardiovascular surgery; and patients of advanced age are more likely to have pre-existing medical conditions. Risks for perioperative morbidity and mortality include cardiac, respiratory, and infectious complications.
Preoperative cardiac assessments are designed to pinpoint issues that should be treated or controlled prior to surgery; they include pulmonary deficits, poor nutrition, diabetes, hypertension, coronary or peripheral artery disease and aortic stenosis.